Saturday, 10 December 2011

hot and spicy

Lamb Biryani


1 cup vegetable oil
3 large onions, thinly sliced
2 tbsp. garam masala
1 tsp. crushed red chile flakes
1⁄2 tsp. turmeric
18 black peppercorns
9 pods green cardamom
3 pods black cardamom
2  2″ cinnamon sticks
6 cloves garlic, minced
6 tomatoes, cored and minced
4-5 Serrano chiles, stemmed and minced (depending on your spice tolerance)
1  1 1⁄2″ piece ginger, peeled and minced
2 lbs. trimmed lamb shoulder, cut into 2–3″ pieces
Coarse salt, to taste
1⁄2 cup plain yogurt
3⁄4 cup roughly chopped mint leaves
1⁄4 cup roughly chopped cilantro
40 threads saffron, crushed (heaping 1⁄2 tsp.)
2 1⁄2 cups white basmati rice, soaked in cold water for 30 minutes, drained
1⁄2 tsp. cumin seeds
4 whole cloves
2 dried bay leaves
Rose water (optional)


Heat 1⁄4 cup of oil in a large heavy-bottomed skillet over high heat. Add onions and cook, stirring occasionally, until dark brown, 20–25 minutes. Transfer to a bowl and set aside.
Heat the remaining oil in a large pot or dutch oven over high heat. Add garam masala, chile flakes, turmeric, 10 peppercorns, 5 green cardamom pods, 2 black cardamom pods, and 1 cinnamon stick; cook, stirring, until fragrant, about 1 minute. Add garlic, tomatoes, chiles, and ginger; cook, stirring, 2–3 minutes. Add the lamb, season with salt, and cook until lightly browned, for about 5 minutes. Cover, reduce heat to medium and cook until the lamb is tender, about 1 hour. Add fried onions, yogurt, 1⁄2 cup mint, and 2 tbsp. cilantro; cook, uncovered, for 15 minutes more. Set aside.
Put saffron into a bowl and cover with 1⁄2 cup hot water; set aside. Bring 4 cups of water to a boil in a 5-qt. saucepan. Add remaining peppercorns, green and black cardamom, and cinnamon, along with the rice, cumin, cloves, and bay leaves, and season with salt. Cook rice until al dente, 5–10 minutes; drain rice and set aside.
Transfer half the lamb curry to a large pot. Top lamb with half the rice. Pour half the saffron mixture onto rice along with a few drops of rose water (if using); mix into rice with your fingers. Top with remaining lamb curry and remaining rice; drizzle with remaining saffron; mix. Steam, covered, on low heat until rice is tender, about 10 minutes. Garnish with remaining mint and cilantro and serve with raita or chutney. Serves 6.



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